- What is diabetes?
- A chronic health condition where the body is unable to produce insulin and properly break down sugar (glucose) in the blood.
You have diabetes because either:
Your body makes too little or no insulin. This is called type 1 diabetes; or
- Your body can't use the insulin it makes. This is called type 2 diabetes.
What is Type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that results in the permanent destruction of insulin producing beta cells of the pancreas. Type 1 is lethal unless treatment with exogenous insulin via injections replaces the missing hormone.
What causes Type 1 diabetes?
- No one really knows what causes type 1 diabetes.
- What is Type 1.5 diabetes (LADA)?
- Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA) is a genetically-linked, hereditary autoimmune disorder that results in the body mistaking the pancreas as foreign and responds by attacking and destroying the insulin-producing beta islet cells of the pancreas. Simply stated, autoimmune disorders, including LADA, are an "allergy to self."
- LADA closely resembles juvenile (type 1) diabetes and shares common physiological characteristics of type 1 for metabolic dysfunction, genetics, and autoimmune features, but LADA does not affect children and is classified distinctly as being separate from juvenile diabetes