Pine Warbler

I spent three hours in the Pinelands with Ray Hennessey hoping to get a photograph of the pine warbler. We could see the birds flying back and forth between the trees that lined the swampy area that Ray had scouted. We waited patiently, but the pine warbler kept out of view the camera. The light was fading, and we were ready to call it quits. Ray suggested that we stay just a bit longer. Our patience and effort were rewarded when this male landed in just the right spot.

NOTE: The light was fading, so the photograph was shot at ISO12800. It's not as sharp as I wanted.

This well-named bird is not often seen away from pine trees, especially during the breeding season. More sluggish than most of their relatives, Pine Warblers forage in a rather leisurely way at all levels in the pinewoods, from the ground to the treetops. This species is only a short-distance migrant, and almost the entire population spends the winter within the southern United States. Unlike most warblers, it regularly comes to bird feeders for suet or for other soft foods.Pine Warbler at the Audubon Society’s website

You can learn more about Ray Hennessy's work and signup for his workshops on his website. You can learn more about the Pine Warbler at the Audubon Society’s website.

Pine Warbler —FujiFilm X-T2 + XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ (359.6 mm, 0.002 sec at f/5.6, ISO12800), © Khürt L. Williams

Prothonotary Warbler

Last weekend I joined photographer Ray Hennessey for a field trip to one of his birding spots in Woodbine in the pine barrens of New Jersey. While we had some challenges photographing the elusive pine warbler, we had no problems photographing this Prothonotary Warbler. The bird kept performing for us, stopping on sticks that poked out from the swampland and branches of the trees that lined the water.

The Prothonotary Warbler loves wooded swamps and breeds in flooded river bottom hardwoods, including black willow, ash, buttonbush, sweetgum, red maple, hackberry, river birch, and elm; or wetlands with bay trees surrounded by cypress swamp. This warbler nests near borders of lakes, rivers and ponds, normally only in areas with slow-moving or standing water and Winters in the tropics in lowland woods and mangrove swamps.

I am learning from my bird photography field trips because of the need for patience and persistence. For three hours, we stood among the trees waiting for the birds to arrive and put themselves in the right spots. There was no rushing, no bathroom break, and we kept our talking to the minimum. I could imagine being out in these woods by myself, listening to bird calls, to the sound of the wind in the trees and the water trickling over the stones of the nearby stream.

water lillies, lotus
Sunday 19 May, 2019 | FujiFilm X-T2 | XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ 100 mm | 1500 sec at f/4.5 | ISO 5000
lotus flower
Sunday 19 May, 2019 | FujiFilm X-T2 | XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ 400 mm | 1400 sec at f/5.6 | ISO 1250
Prothonotary Warbler
Prothonotary Warbler | Sunday 19 May, 2019 | FujiFilm X-T2 | XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ 226.6 mm | 1400 sec at f/5.0 | ISO 4000
Prothonotary Warbler
Prothonotary Warbler | Sunday 19 May, 2019 | FujiFilm X-T2 | XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ 183.1 mm | 1400 sec at f/5.0 | ISO 320
Prothonotary Warbler
Prothonotary Warbler | Sunday 19 May, 2019 | FujiFilm X-T2 | XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ 400 mm | 1400 sec at f/5.6 | ISO 5000
Prothonotary Warbler
Prothonotary Warbler | Sunday 19 May, 2019 | FujiFilm X-T2 | XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ 400 mm | 1400 sec at f/5.6 | ISO 5000
Prothonotary Warbler
Prothonotary Warbler | Sunday 19 May, 2019 | FujiFilm X-T2 | XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ 359.6 mm | 1500 sec at f/5.6 | ISO 1250
lotus flower
Sunday 19 May, 2019 | FujiFilm X-T2 | XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ 400 mm | 1500 sec at f/5.6 | ISO 2000
Prothonotary Warbler
Prothonotary Warbler | Sunday 19 May, 2019 | FujiFilm X-T2 | XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ 400 mm | 1500 sec at f/5.6 | ISO 4000
Prothonotary Warbler
Prothonotary Warbler | Sunday 19 May, 2019 | FujiFilm X-T2 | XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ 400 mm | 1500 sec at f/5.6 | ISO 4000
lotus flower
Sunday 19 May, 2019 | FujiFilm X-T2 | XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ 400 mm | 1125 sec at f/5.6 | ISO 500
wooded area
Woodbine Pond | Sunday 19 May, 2019 | FujiFilm X-T2 | XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ 100 mm | 1125 sec at f/4.5 | ISO 2500

Preserving Wildlife and Memories: A Field Trip to Institute Woods and Charles H. Rogers Wildlife Refuge in Honour of Fred Spar

This morning, I joined the Washington Crossing Audubon Society members and an excited group of birders on a field trip near the Institute Woods.

This morning I joined members of the Washington Crossing Audubon Society and an excited group of birders on a field trip in the Princeton Institute Woods hosted by Brad Merritt. The group met near the entrance to Charles H. Rogers Wildlife Refuge. The Washington Crossing Audubon Society hosts regular birding field trips around Central New Jersey, the Delaware Water Gap, Delaware Bay, the New Jersey shore, and eastern Pennsylvania.

About the Charles H. Rogers Wildlife Refuge:

The refuge is home to over 90 nesting bird species, with many others stopping by as they migrate. Throughout the years, a recorded 190 species have been seen here. It's an ideal location to observe warblers, with up to 30 different types spotted by some visitors and an average of 20-25 seen during the peak of spring migration, which occurs during the first three weeks of May. As a result, bird watchers and nature enthusiasts frequently visit the area during this time, including groups such as the Summit Nature Club, Trenton Naturalist Club, Montclair Nature Club, and Watchung Nature Club. The refuge is extensively covered during the Annual Christmas Bird Count and the Princeton Big Day Count.

FujiFilm X-T2 · XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ (100 mm, 0.008 sec at f/4.5, ISO400)
FujiFilm X-T2 · XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ (400 mm, 0.008 sec at f/5.6, ISO200)

Brad Merritt planned this morning's field trip in memory of Fred Spar, an avid birder and Princeton resident who passed away last year.

Fred Spar, a student-athlete from Brooklyn, NY, ran track at Midwood High School and Cornell University. His career had diverse phases, beginning as an elementary school science teacher and earning a PhD in Chinese history from Brown University in 1980. He spent a year at the Stanford Centre in Taipei, Taiwan, and later lectured at Keene State College. For the next 36 years, he worked as a communications consultant at Kekst & Company in Manhattan. Fred was a part of the 2010 class at Harvard University's Advanced Leadership Initiative. After that, he applied his vast experience, advising or serving on the boards of numerous environmental and education organisations. These organisations include the Watershed Institute, Friends of Princeton Open Space, New York City Audubon Society, Generation Schools, and City Year New York. He was also the chair of Friends of the Rogers Refuge, where he worked tirelessly on improving the wildlife habitat and accessibility for human visitors.

FujiFilm X-T2 · XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ (100 mm, 0.002 sec at f/5.6, ISO200)

I didn't know Fred Spar, but he accomplished much with his life. I joined the group on this field trip not to honour Fred but to learn more about the Rogers Wildlife Refuge and do a test run with the Fujinon XF100-400mm R LM OIS WR that I rented. I will be taking photographs of warblers with Ray Hennessey tomorrow afternoon.

FujiFilm X-T2 · XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ (100 mm, 0.006 sec at f/5.6, ISO200)

Photographing the birds in the Princeton Institute Woods was challenging for me. The birds kept to the high branches, which meant shooting with a bright blue sky as a background, which meant too much backlight casting a dark shadow on my subjects. I continued along the walk, shooting wildflowers and plants until we went to an area of marshland. Here, I could finally find some birds against a background that worked for photography.

FujiFilm X-T2 · XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ (386 mm, 0.003 sec at f/5.6, ISO200)

Inside the refuge, various signs highlight the significance of marshes and swamps. One of these signs emphasises their crucial role in acting as "safety valves" during heavy rainfalls, regulating our water table, providing habitats and food sources for aquatic life, birds, and other animals and serving as a natural collector for high-ground nutritional runoff. Preserving such habitats is vital since marshes are rapidly disappearing.

FujiFilm X-T2 · XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ (301.1 mm, 0.002 sec at f/5.6, ISO400)
Red-winged Blackbird —FujiFilm X-T2 · XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ (400 mm, 0.008 sec at f/5.6, ISO320)

I captured some photos of the Red-winged Blackbird that had landed on the tall grasses in the swamp. The images are not as sharp as I would like. These were captured at the far end of the zoom range for this lens.

On my walk back to the car, a song sparrow landed in a low branch of one of the trees immediately to my left. The Song Sparrow is adorned with a captivating blend of russet and grey feathers. A prominent feature of this bird is the striking streaks that embellish its white chest, adding a touch of boldness to its appearance.

Song Sparrow —FujiFilm X-T2 · XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ (252.1 mm, 0.008 sec at f/5.0, ISO200)

I then spotted a tree swallow. With deep-blue iridescent backs and clean white fronts, Tree Swallows are a familiar sight in the wetlands across New Jersey. Tree Swallows nest in tree cavities; they also readily take up residence in nest boxes. This habit has allowed scientists to study their breeding biology in detail.

Tree Swallow, Bird , Blue, Branch
Tree Swallow Tree Swallow · FujiFilm X-T2 · Fujinon XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ 400 mm at f/5.6 FujiFilm X-T2 · XF100-400mmF4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR @ (400 mm, 0.003 sec at f/5.6, ISO200), © Khürt L. Williams