Disposable America by Alexis C. Madrigal (The Atlantic)

The invention of American industrialism, the creation of urban life, changing gender relations, public-health reform, suburbia and its hamburger-loving teens, better living through plastics, and the financialization of the economy: The straw was there for all these things—rolled out of extrusion machines, dispensed, pushed through lids, bent, dropped into the abyss.

You can learn a lot about this country, and the dilemmas of contemporary capitalism, by taking a straw-eyed view.

People have probably been drinking things through cylindrical tubes for as long as Homo sapiens has been around, and maybe before. Scientists observed orangutans demonstrating a preference for a straw-like tool over similar, less functional things. Ancient versions existed, too.

The on-line hacker Jargon File, version 4.1.5, 24 SEP 1999 (catb.org)

:fscking: /fus'-king/ or /eff'-seek-ing/ adj. [Usenet; common]

Fucking, in the expletive sense (it refers to the Unix filesystem-repair command fsck(1), of which it can be said that if you have to use it at all you are having a bad day). Originated on {scary devil monastery} and the bofh.net newsgroups, but became much more widespread following the passage of {CDA}. Also occasionally seen in the variant "What the fsck?"

40 years of hacker culture in one document.

I typed in “what year was french slavery abolished” in the Google search box and discovered this link. I foudn the answer to my question and whole lot more.

What fascinated me was that the Europeans abolished slavery or the slave trade almost 80 years before the USA. Fucking Denmark and Norway banned slavery sixty years before the United States. The British abolish slavery 30 years before the The Emancipation Proclamation. And it still didn’t stick!!!!

1865-1920 Following the American Civil War, hundreds of thousands of African Americans are re-enslaved in an abusive manipulation of the legal system called “peonage.” Across the Deep South, African-American men and women are falsely arrested and convicted of crimes, then “leased” to coal and iron mines, brick factories, plantations, and other dangerous workplaces. The system slows down after World War I but doesn’t fully end until the 1940s.

It’s as though part of the United States was convinced that slavey was ok and intent on treating human beings as livestock.