A severe, chronic form of diabetes caused by insufficient production of insulin and resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. The disease, which typically appears in childhood or adolescence, is characterized by increased sugar levels in the blood and urine, excessive thirst, frequent urination, acidosis, and wasting. Also called insulin-dependent diabetes, type 1 diabetes.
From an article at the National Institute of Health:
Type 1 diabetes is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. About 18 regions of the genome have been linked to type 1 diabetes risk. The most well studied region is IDDM1, which contains the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes that encode immune response proteins. Specific variations in these genes predispose a person to the disease, but having them does not guarantee that someone will develop the disease. One or more external co-factors, such as a viral infection or component of the diet, appear to trigger immune cells’ misguided attack on beta cells in genetically susceptible people. Researchers are working to identify all the genes and environmental triggers that contribute to the risk of developing type 1 diabetes, and they have already learned a great deal about assessing an individual’s level of risk.
I am taking insulin 4 times a day. Three units of Novolog 10 minutes before each meal, three times daily. 8 units of lantus with a snack before bedtime.
Prescription Lantus® is for adults with type 2 diabetes or adults and children (6 years and older) with type 1 diabetes who require long-acting insulin for the control of high blood sugar.
NovoLog® is a rapid-acting insulin analog.